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Type-98
Kawazaki Type-98 Helicopter (1)
Role: Attack helicopter
Production information
Manufacturer: Kawasaki Aerospace Company
Produced: 2120 - Present
Number built: 150
The Kawasaki Type-98 (Japanese: タイプ-98攻撃ヘリコプター)

The Type-98 has the United Nations Callsign of Hellhound.

HistoryEdit

DevelopmentEdit

Flight and combat tests were carried out in the Fuji Manoeuvre Area. While all three models passed the trials, the Kawazaki model easily topped the charts, and was selected to be the new Imperial Army helicopter gunship, with production starting in 1898. In 1899, Mitsushishi was awarded a contract to produce a limited run of 25 Type-98s, which only have minor aesthetic differences from the Kawazaki model.

Combat usageEdit

The Type-98 rarely saw combat until the Fourth World War in the 1920s, when the United States attacked Izumo.

OverviewEdit

DesignEdit

The Type-98 is a fast attack helicopter designed for speed and superior firepower to support ground troops and vehicles. It is able to fly at fast speeds to keep up with rapidly advancing mechanised troops or to fly raiding and hit-and-run missions on enemy positions. It has a crew of two, a pilot and a gunner.

Kawazaki Type-98 Helicopter (2)

A formation of Type-98s at night, displaying the NOTAR system.

To reduce engine noise, the Type-98 is equipped with the NOTAR system, and lacks a tail rotor, instead relying on engine exhaust on a tail exhaust port to provide thrust opposite the motion imparted to the fuselage by the torque effect of the main rotor. This design feature is also used by the Mitsushishi O1-6RB-II and the PNAC SK-33 Pribumi helicopters.

It is extremely fast and manoeuvrable, capable of travelling at a top speed of 436km/h with the aid of the two Kawazaki jet engines on either side of the fuselage and an aerodynamic body. The Type-98 is capable of negotiating tight spaces and moving close to obstacles with an advanced computer-controlled proximity sensor that prevents pilots from crashing into obstacles such as buildings or tall trees. The helicopter is well-suited to operate in a variety of environments, including urban and open environments.

The Type-98's major electronics and exterior are hardened against electromagnetic pulse weapons and small-arms fire, though the Type-98 is not well armoured and relies on speed and manoeuvrability to survive. The helicopter is equipped with advanced targeting and processing systems, as well as "aim-by-sight" controls for the main cannon that follow the gunner's head movements. The gun can also be controlled manually with the help of a camera on the gun pod itself.

ArmamentsEdit

Kawazaki Type-98 Helicopter (3)

Three Type-98s from the front, displaying their stub wings and armament, here unguided rocket pods and quadruple wire-guided missile pods.

The Type-98 has two large stub wings on either side of the fuselage, with three hard points each for armaments. These are able to mount various rocket, missile and equipment pods for different missions, though the Type-98 is usually armed with anti-tank wire-guided missiles and unguided rocket pods while on routine patrol. These weapons can be controlled by either the gunner or the pilot.

The main weaponry of the Type-98 is a four-barrelled 20mm rotary cannon in a gun pod mounted on the underside of the helicopter, unlike most other helicopter gunships that mount the cannon on the chin. The central position on the underside of the fuselage provides the cannon with a wider range of fire than on a chin mount, able to aim in a full 360 degrees. In manual control mode it is even able to fire backwards. The cannon can fire armour-piercing or explosive rounds, though the general-purpose explosive rounds are preferred as they allow for infantry suppression and a wider range of support capabilities on the Type-98's part.

Specialised variantsEdit

Specialised variants of the Type-98 exist in various configurations for different mission types. The most prominent variant is the Type-98J2 variant, which was developed in 1927 and makes use of optical camouflage and liquid crystal displays, in addition to confidential rotor silencing technologies, to create a virtually invisible air support unit. Currently only five such units exist, under the special Gray Ghost Unit.

SpecificationsEdit

Type-98R2 Hellhound-A Edit

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2: one pilot, one gunner
    File:Kawazaki Type-98 Helicopter (4).png
  • Length: 18.5 m
  • Rotor diameter: 13.6 m
  • Height: 4.15 m
  • Rotor system: 4 blades on main rotor, no tail rotor
  • Fuselage length: 15.76 m
  • Stub wing span: 8.82 m

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 436km/h
  • Range: 475.3 km
  • Service ceiling: 6900 m

Armament

  • 1x 20 mm four-barrel Type-86 rotary cannon
  • 4x pylon stations on stub wings
    • 70 mm rockets - 7 rockets mounted in the H27 launcher or 19 rockets in the H53 launcher
    • Wire-Guided Missiles - 4 missiles in the M65 launcher
    • STM-92 Sasu air-to-air missiles on dual-mounts
    • 7.62 mm Minigun pod or XM35 armament subsystem with XM310 30 mm cannon

See alsoEdit